Explore this site to find solutions
to some of the great remaining mysteries of science!
The presentation of new and unique theories
with proofs based on real
see our new mathematical art
page and 2012 CiSE article presents a new electromagnetic SPICE
model of the atom
Max Planck said that the atom can be analyzed as either an
electronic device or its mechanical analog. In fact, his famous quantum
theory is based on an electronic model of the atom. Quantum theory is based
on the abstract Bohr electromagnetic model, but it has an orbit of unlimited
size and is abstract. I have resolved this difficulty by constructing a
new electromagnetic model of the atom, and the results have been presented
in several publications. The orbital is in the form of a sphere, which resolves
the Bohr problem and conforms to the Rydberg frequencies. The next step
is to provide better methods of analysis in conformance with new measured
data at the atom level, which I have just completed. Many other accomplishments
have been made using this approach, which you may find rather interesting.
It has been published here.
There were, however, many steps in the development that cover the field
electromagnetics, which you can explore through the links on this page.
Einstein believed that the greatest remaining mystery of science
is the difference between matter
In his lectures at Columbia, he did some rather
amazing things that every scientist should study. Planck stated that his
Principle of Least Action might be extended to resolve this problem.
I have used a modern approach to the problem using the dipole antenna
model for the field. The results of the analysis lead to the conclusion
that Einstein's theory is flawed due to an incorrect assumption about radiating
These efforts took many years. My first atom model was revealed
in my first book, The Secret of Gravity
, in 1997. It is a new modern electronic model of the hydrogen atom, similar
to that of Planck in his famous theory of radiation. The electronic model
is different from the quantum method in that it is based on both electromagnetic
and quantum properties. The force of gravity is shown to be an electric
differential force that is a small fraction of the electromagnetic forces
of the atom. This theory is confirmed by correlation to real measurements.
Can you derive Einstein's equation E = mc^2 ? There are some
lengthy and questionable derivations on the Internet. I derived rather easily
it in just one short page of my book, "Secrets
of the Atom" (page 64), after I constructed a new electromagnetic
model of the atom to derive its energy. A key factor was the Mesny electromagnetic
radiation equations that date back to
1935 or earlier and have been thoroughly tested over many years. These equations
were then expressed in terms of eigenvectors, which is perhaps a better
method than that of the Casimir force for the three space vectors (x,y,z)
individually. I also employed the Lorentz force and Newton's second law
of motion. My method is relatively simple in comparison to the complex and
confusing long drawn out mathematical derivations of quantum mechanics.
One of the most challenging problems in physics and science
is the Bohr radius problem. Quantum Mechanics (a "particle" theory)
was based on the Bohr hydrogen atom, an abstract electromagnetic model as
Bohr himself admitted. In his model, the atom can reach any size,
which we know is not possible. In spite of this anomaly, the Bohr atom does
conform to measurements of coherent radiation from the hydrogen atom to
a high degree. Although Bohr admitted that his model is abstract, some physicists
actually claimed to have detected such atoms! The present Quantum Mechanics
atom model is based on an energy shell in order to avoid this
orbit problem, so it cannot predict orbits (only inexact probable orbitals).
In the new field theory presented here, not only is the size problem
resolved, the precise electron orbit is also determined. This
is a fundamental problem that had never before been solved. Recent
evidence shows that light also does not consist of particles.
My solution to the Bohr problem is an exact orbit that conforms to measurements.
This solves one of the most important remaining problems of physics, as
fully described in my book: "The
Birth of an Atom" .
It is true that space is not "empty" and that it
has electromagnetic properties. In fact, it has viscosity, which is extremely
low as I have shown in my fourth book about Planck's theory. It was known
long ago that the speed of light in a vacuum is dependent on these electromagnetic
properties, which led to the aether theory. Quantum Mechanics, however,
is focused on particle theory, and that is the current difficulty in that
it neglects electromagnetic fields that exist everywhere. Of what is a particle
made? Today's physicists are concentrating on the Higgs
Boson, which they believe constitutes the hidden
matter of the universe, rather than the electromagnetic properties of
matter. If so, then how is it related to the speed of light and the electromagnetic
constants upon which it depends? The Higgs Boson reference asserts that
it "casts a shadow", which means that it impedes radiation. If
it impedes radiation, then how is it that all radiation passes through a
vacuum without loss? It seems that particle theory has significant difficulties
and many unanswered questions. My approach concentrates on the electromagnetic
properties of the universe, and no such flaws have yet been found.
In my fourth book about Planck's theory,
I was able to derive a dynamic portrayal of a quantum of energy that results
from the change in state of an atom using a pure electromagnetic
model of the atom, similar to that of Planck. You will find anything like
this anywhere else that is based on substantial evidence. My solutions are
all based on real solutions and correlation to accepted data.
Did you know that the transverse properties of electromagnetic
waves and light have never been completely defined? This fundamental problem
has remained for two centuries. I have shown that transverse electromagnetic
waves travel faster than the speed of
light! The electric wave of a dipole antenna moves across the antenna,
while the radial wave is orthogonal to it. This discrepancy in theory has
long been neglected. By using the known model of the radiation from an antenna
and rewriting the equation constants in proper form, the plots of the radiating
waves show transverse properties never before recognized, even though confirmed
by early measurements. This new eigenvector characterization of transverse
wave properties has great potential for advancing the basic knowledge
of physics. Note that all present physics model of radiation indicate pure
spherical waves. In fact Einstein's theory of relativity is based
on this flawed assumption, so there are deep implications as to the value
of this revelation. Note that the radiationmodel that I have used has been
proved over and over during the past 77 years. Why didn't anyone notice
this before? This is a mystery itself.
How is Matter Formed
in the Universe? How do an electron and a proton combine to form a hydrogen
atom? For many years, it was believed that a barrier surrounds the proton
in an atom which prevents the electron from crashing into it, which presents
a dilemma. The amazing answer to this problem can be found in this book.
Based on the electromagnetic effects of a moving electron as outlined by
Planck, the electron moves in a new and different way (so small that it
has not yet been detected) to avoid the proton! The importance of this discovery
should not be underestimated.
The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
asserts that the position and velocity of high energy particles cannot be
measured accurately in a single measurement. Although essentially true,
it is indeed possible to make such measurements accurately. We know that
every single measurement of each and every type and in every field of endeavor
has such inaccuracies, but there are known ways to make them accurate as
we apply the methods of classical electronic analysis. Learn the characterization
method that yields the "certainty" at this link.
I spent two full years in studying Planck's quantum theory
and ended up writing a book on Planck's Columbia Lectures
. This is a great book for any scientist, and is well worth reading about
Planck's scientific methods. See why and how Planck used the electronic
oscillator as his model for the atom. This is the same approach
that I used in the analysis of the gravitational force. For the first time,
you will see a graphic illustration of a photon in real time as derived
from Planck's rarely referenced "energy state equation", that
you will find in any other Internet search. The language translation of
Planck's lectures are not very clear, and the interpretation of the constants
and variables results inconfusion for each lecture, an my interpretations
help in understanding the material. Also check out the Planck's
Units page to see why the gravitational constant is not needed (based
on Planck's later writings about universal units). Planck's second lecture
could be the basis of a great college chemistry course, since he derived
many of the laws of physics from mainly two equations! Quite amazing.
Viewers may also want to begin by seeing an example of the surprising
great force between electrons and protons in working out an example of
the so-called weak force of atomic physics
(separate electrons and protons and see the force between them).Those
who try to solve the puzzle of the shape of the dynamic wave of a moving
dipole will also discover a new insight as to the shapes of dynamic
field waves, from which it is possible to visualize these characteristics.
I was quite surprised to learn how many physicists are not fully versed
in being able to determine the isoclines of the electric dipole static
field. Unless one knows this in detail, it is not possible to determine
what happens to the field shape as the dipole moves. I challenge anyone
who believes otherwise to solve this moving dipole puzzle. No visitor
has yet offered a solution to this problem! Be the first to
offer a reasonable solution and win a free book and see the precise solution
that will give you a greater insight as to how transverse waves move through
space. These waves are based on the well known antenna radiation equation.
Too bad no one seems to have plotted the waves before or derived the eigenvector
In addition to the significant accomplishments listed above, you will
be able to find the method by which you can calculate
the logarithm of a number without a calculator or a table of logarithms!
This can be very valuable for electronic engineers, radio amateurs, etc.
or anyone else working with logarithms. All you have to do is remember
one number, and you can calculate any logarithm, or decibel value, to
within a small degree of error.
Uncertainty Principle asserts that the position of fast moving particles
cannot be measured accurately. According to quantum mechanics, the more
precisely the determination of the position of a particle, the less precisely
its momentum is, or vice versa. As a result, the quantum mechanics model
of the hydrogen atom offers only an approximation of the position of the
electron. Is this principle always valid, or is the Heisenberg